North & Latin America

Antigua and Barbuda
·         Constitution (Section 4)

·         Criminal Procedure Act

·         Death Sentence (Expectant Mothers) Act 1953

·         Police Act 1952

·         Prevention of Crimes Act 1874

·         Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005

·         Public Order Act 1972

·         Riot Act 1897

Argentina
·         Decree No.836/2008 on the Police Professional Staff Regimen of the Police Aviation Security

·         Code of Conduct for Functionaries in charge of Law Enforcement 1979

·         Code of Ethics of the Federal Police

·         Constitution (Section 18)

·         Draft Organic Law for the Federal Police 1958

·         General Law of the Argentinian Coast Guard 1969

·         General Regulation of Weapons and Shooting R.G.P.F.A. No. 8/2012

·         Internal Security Act 2002

·         Legislation on Use of Force and Firearms

·         National Arms and Explosives Act 1973

·         Partial Regulatory Decree on Arms and Explosives Act 1975

·         Penal Code 1984

·         Procedural Penal Code 1991

·         Regulatory Decree of the National Gendarmerie Act No. 1669/2001

·         Regime of Armaments’ Provision for the Police 2009

·         Rules governing relations between the Federal police and Police Personnel 1979

·         Resolution 2208/2008 on Arrest and Detention of Minors

Bahamas
·         Constitution (Art. 16)

·         Penal Code 1873, as amended in 2010

Barbados
·         Constitution (Art. 12)

·         Public Order Act 1970

Belize
·         Constitution (Art. 4)

·         Control of Public Meetings and Public Processions Act Belize 1967, revised edition 2000

·         Crime Control and Criminal Justice Act 1992, revised edition 2000

·         Criminal Code, revised edition 2003

·         Firearms Act 1913, revised edition 2000

·         Public Safety Act Belize 1935, revised edition 2000

·         Riots Compensation Act Belize 1895, revised edition 2000

Bolivia
·         Constitution (Art. 15)

·         Penal Code 1999

Brazil
·         Constitution

·         Criminal Code 1940, as amended in 2015

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1941, as amended in 2012

·         Decree No. 6044/2007 on the Protection of Human Rights Defenders

·         Law No. 13.060/2014 on Use of Less-lethal Weapons

·         Law No. 4.898/1965 on Abuse of Authority

·         Mato Grosso Decree No. 961/2012 on Firearms

Canada
·         Constitution (Art. 7)

·         Criminal Code 1985, as amended in 2013

·         Police Act 1996, as amended in 2014

·         Police Services Act 1990, as amended in 2009

Chile
·         Constitution (Art. 19)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1906, as amended in 2007

·         Military Justice Code 1944, as amended in 2009

·         Penal Code 1874, as amended in 2001

Colombia
·         Constitution (Art. 11)

·         Decree No. 4065/2011 on the Creation of the “Unidad Nacional de Proteccion”

·         Penal Code 2000

Costa Rica
·         Constitution (Art. 21)

·         Law of the Ombudsman 2012

·         Penal Code 1970

Cuba
·         Constitution (Art. 10)
Dominica
·         Constitution (Art. 2)

·         Criminal Law and Procedure Act 1873, as amended in 1992

·         Police Act 1940, as amended in 1990

·         Public Order Act 1954, as amended in 1990

Dominican Republic
·         Constitution (Art. 37)

·         Draft Organic Law of the National Police 2014

·         Organic Law No. 590/2016 on the National Police

Ecuador
·         Constitution (Art. 66)

·         Legislation Regarding Progressive Use of Force (compilation)

·         Penal Code 1971

·         Penal Code of the National Police 1960

·         Penal Procedure Code 2000, as amended in 2010

El Salvador
·         Constitution (Art. 2)

·         Law of the Ombudsman 1992

·         Organic Law of the Civil National Police 2001, as amended in 2011

·         Penal Code 1983, as amended in 2013

·         Penal Procedure Code 1996. as amended in 2010

·         Special Law Against Acts of Terrorism, as amended in 2010

Grenada
·         Constitution (Art. 2)
Guatemala
·         Constitution Article 3

·         Governmental Agreement No. 285/2012 – Army support to the Civil Security Forces

·         Law of Support to the Civil Security Forces 2000

·         Law on Firearms and Munitions No. 38/1989

·         Ministerial Agreement No. 103/2008

·         Penal Code 1973

Guyana (the Co-operative Republic of)
·         Constitution (Art. 138)
Haiti
·         Constitution (Arts. 19, 20)

·         Law on National Police 1994

·         Penal Code 1985

Honduras
·         Constitution (Arts. 61, 65)

·         Executive Decree 001/2002 on the Armed Forces in Policing

·         Penal Code 1983

Jamaica
·         Constitution (Art. 14)

·         The Constabulary Force Act 1935, as amended in 2009

·         The Coroners Act 1990

·         The Independent Commission of Investigations Act 2010

·         The Riot Act 1969

Mexico
·         Agreement No. 04/2012 on Use of Force

·         Agreement No. 05/2012 on Detention

·         Constitution Article 14

·         Directive 003/2009 on Use of Force by the Navy

·         Directive 2012 on Use of Force by the Army and the Air Forces

·         Federal Constitution 1917, as amended in 2013

·         Federal Law on Administrative Responsibilities of Public Servants 2002, as amended in 2012

·         Federal Law to Prevent and Sanction Torture 1991, as amended in 1994

·         General Law on the National System of Public Safety 2009, as amended in 2013

·         Law for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders and Journalists 2012

·         Law of Mobility of the the Federal District 2014

·         Law of the National Human Rights Commission 1992, as amended in 2014

·         Law on Federal Police 2009, as amended in 2011

·         Military Justice Code 1933, as amended in 2012

·         National Code of Criminal Procedure, as amended in 2016

·         National Law of the Integral Juvenile Justice 2016

·         Penal Code Mexico 1931, as amended in 2010

·         Regulations of the Law for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders and Journalists 2012

Nicaragua
·         Constitution (Art. 23)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2001

·         Decree regulating Political Demonstrations 1924

·         Law of the Ombudsman 1995

·         Law of the National Police 1996

·         Military Penal Code 2005

·         Penal Code 2008

·         Police Act 1996

Panama
·         Constitution (Art. 17)

·         Penal Code 2007, as amended in 2008

·         Penal Procedure Code 2008

Paraguay
·         Constitution (Art. 4)

·         Law on Freedom of Assembly and Protest 1997

·         Law on the General Organization of the Armed Forces 1993

·         Law on the Status of Military Personnel 1997

·         Penal Code 1997

·         Penal Procedure Code 1998

Peru
·         Anti-Terrorism Act 1997

·         Constitution (Art. 10)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2003

·         Law No. 30151/2014 on Firearms

·         Penal Code 1991, as amended in 1999

Saint Kittis and Nevis
·         Constitution (Art. 4)

·         Police Act 2002

Saint Lucia
·         Constitution (Art. 2)

·         Criminal Code 2004

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
·         Constitution (Art. 2)
Suriname
·         Constitution (Art. 14)
Trinidad and Tobago
·         Constitution (Art. 4)

·         Criminal Law Act 1979, as amended in 2000

·         Criminal Procedure Act 1925, as amended in 2009

·         Police Complaint Authority Act 2006, as amended in 2011

·         Prisons Act 1900, as amended in 2010

United States of America
·        First Amendment Assemblies Act 2004

·        New York State Penal Law 1967, Article 10.10

·        State Use of Lethal Force Statutes

Uruguay
·         Constitution (Art. 7)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1980

·         Law No. 18.315/2008 on Police Procedure

·         Penal Code 1933, as amended in 2000

Venezuela
·         Constitution (Arts. 43, 55)

·         Decree No 5.895 on Police Service 2008

·         Law for the Disarmament and Control of Weapons and Ammunitions 2014

·         Law of Coordination of Citizens Security 2011

·         Law of Political Parties, Public Meetings and Demonstrations 2010

·         Law Reforming the Decree No. 5.895 on Police Service 2009

·         Organic Law of the Ombudsman 2004

·         Penal Code 1964

·         Penal Procedure Code

·         Resolution No. 008610/2015 on Use of Force

·         Resolution No. 113/2011 on Police Conduct

·         Statute on Police Function 2009

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DISCLAIMER
The documents listed are not supposed to present an exhaustive collection of all domestic legislation covering the topic of policing and human rights. It cannot be guaranteed that they represent the most current and up-to-date information. Furthermore, they are not presented as good practices nor their inclusion on this website should be understood as a judgment of (or an appreciation for) State compliance with international human rights standards. These documents are collected for the sole purpose of facilitating research for any individual or organisation working on policing issues.