Middle East & Northern Africa

Algeria
·         Constitution (Arts. 34, 35)

·         Penal Code 1966

·         Penal Procedure Code 1966

Egypt 
·         Assembly Law No. 10/1914

·         Directive No. 56/1964 on the Use of Force by Law Enforcement

·         Penal Code 1937

·         Protest Law No. 107/2013

Iran
·         Constitution (Art. 22)

·         Penal Code 1982

Iraq
·         Constitution (Art. 15)

·         Criminal Procedural Code 1971

·         Penal Code 1969

Israel
·         Constitution (Art. 2)

·         Incarceration of Unlawful Combatants Law 2002

Jordan
·         Penal Code 1960
Lebanon
·         Criminal Law (selected articles)

·         Criminal Procedural Code 2001

Libya
·         Penal Code 1977 (excerpts)
Morocco
·         Constitution (Art. 20)

·         Penal Code 2011

Oman
·         Penal Code 1974

·         Penal Procedure Law 1999

Qatar
·         Criminal Procedural Code 2004

·         Law on Terrorism 2004

·         Penal Code 2004

Saudi Arabia
·         Law on Criminal Procedure 2001
Tunisia
·         Constitution (Art. 2.1)

·         Law on Public Assemblies, Processions, Parades, Demostrations and Gatherings 1969

·         Penal Code 2005

·         Penal Procedure Code 1968

Yemen
·         Republican Decree for Law No. 12/1994 Concerning Crimes and Penalties

·         Republican Decree – By Law No. 13/1994 Concerning the Criminal Procedures

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DISCLAIMER
The documents listed are not supposed to present an exhaustive collection of all domestic legislation covering the topic of policing and human rights. It cannot be guaranteed that they represent the most current and up-to-date information. Furthermore, they are not presented as good practices nor their inclusion on this website should be understood as a judgment of (or an appreciation for) State compliance with international human rights standards. These documents are collected for the sole purpose of facilitating research for any individual or organisation working on policing issues.