Europe & Central Asia

Albania
·         Constitution (Art. 21)

·         Criminal Code 1995

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1995, as amended in 1999

·         Law for Organization and Functioning of Police 1997

·         Law on Demostrations 2001

·         Law on State Police 2007

Andorra
·         Constitution (Art. 8)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1998

·         Decree on Firearms 1989

·         Penal Code 2005

·         Law on Principles and Functions of Judicial Police Units 2004

Armenia
·         Constitution (Art. 15)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1998

·         Law on Assemblies 2010

·         Law on Conducting Meetings, Assemblies, Rallies and Demonstrations 2008

·         Law on the Fight against Terrorism 2005

·         Law on Penitentiary Service 2005

·         Law on Police 2004

·         Law on the Treatment of Arrestees and Detainees 2002

Austria
·         Assembly Act 1953, as amended in 2015

·         Basic Law on the General Rights of Nationals 1867, as amended in 1988

·         Code of Criminal Procedure 1975, as amended in 2014

·         Criminal Code Austria 1998

·         Legislation on the Use of Weapons 1969, as amended in 2014

Azerbaijan
·         Constitution (Art. 27)

·         Criminal Code 1999

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2000

·         Law on Freedom of Assembly 1998, as amended in 2012

·         Police Act 2002

Belarus
·         Constitution (Art. 24)

·         Decree on Firearms 1992

·         Law on Mass Actions 1997

·         Law on Weapons 2001

Belgium
·         Constitution (Art. 18)

·         Law of Public Safety and Convenience of Passage

·         Law on the Police Function 1992

·         Constitution (Art 26) Right to Assemble

Bosnia and Herzegovina
·         Act on Public Assembly of Sarajevo Canton 2009

·         Constitution (Art. 2)

·         Law on Internal Affairs of Posavina Canton (excerpts)

·         Law on Internal Affairs of Sarajevo Canton (excerpts)

·         Law on Internal Affairs of Tuzla Canton (excerpts)

·         Law on Police of the Brcko District (excerpts)

·         Law on the Judicial Police (excerpts)

·         Statute of the Brcko District 2007

Bulgaria
·         Code Of Ethics For Officials of The Ministry Of The Interior With Police Functions 2004

·         Constitution (Art. 28)

·         Law On Gatherings, Meetings And Manifestations 1990

Croatia
·         Constitution (Art. 21)

·         Law on Police 2000

·         Regulations on the Treatment of Police Officers 2010

Czech Republic
·         Act No. 283/1991 regulating the Police

·         Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms 1992

·         Constitution (Art. 6)

·        Criminal Code 2009

·        Criminal Procedure Code 2012

Denmark
·         Criminal Code 1998

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2001

·         Law on Police Activities 2004

Estonia
·         Constitution (Art. 16)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2003

·         Penal Code 2001

·         Police and Border Guard Act 2009

·         Police Service Act 1998

·         Sport Act 2005

Finland
·         Assembly Act 1999, as amended in 2002

·         Constitution (Section 7)

·         Criminal Code 1889, as amended in 2012

·         Police Act 1995, as amended in 2007

·         Public Order Act 2003, as amended in 2010

France
·         Code of Internal Security 2015

·         Law on Freedom of Assembly 1881, consolidated version as of 2009

·         Penal Code 2012

Georgia
·         Constitution (Section 1)

·         Criminal Code 1999

·         Imprisonment Code

·         Law on Assemblies and Demostrations 1997, as amended in 2012

·         Law on Police (excerpts)

·         Law on the Public Security Service (excerpts)

·         Law on Amendments and Supplements to the Law on Assemblage and Manifestations 2009

·         Law on Assemblage and Manifestations 1997, as amended in 2004

·         Police Code of Ethics 2013

Germany
·         Act on the Use of Direct Force by Federal Police Officers Exercising Public Authority 1961

·         Assembly Act 1978

·         Constitution (Art. 2)

·         Criminal Code 1871, as amended in 2015

·         Criminal Code (excerpts in English)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1987, as amended in 2008

·         Federal Disciplinary Law 2001

·         Federal Police Act 1994

·         Law on Assemblies and Processions 1953

·         State Disciplinary Law – Bremen 2002

·         State Law on Public Order and Safety – Lower Saxony 2005

·         State Law on the Use of Force by Law Enforcement Officilas – Berlin 2004

·         State Police Law – Baden-Württemberg 1992

Greece
·         Code of Police Ethics 2004

·         Constitution (Art. 5)

Hungary
·         Act XXXIV/1994 on the Police (excerpts)

·         Constitution (Art. 2)

·         Criminal Code 2012

·         Law of Criminal Procedure 1998

Iceland
·         Constitution (Art. 69)

·         General Penal Code 1940

·         Police Act 1996, as amended in 2000

Ireland
·         Children Act 2001

·         Constitution (Art. 40)

·         Criminal Justice (United Nations Convention against Torture) Act 2000

·         Criminal Justice Act 1984, Regulations 1987

·         European Convention on Human Rights Act 2003

·         Garda Siochana Act 2005

·         Non-Fatal Offences against the Person Act 1997

·         Prison Rules 2007

Kosovo
·         Law on Police 2012

·         Law on Police Inspectorate 2010

Latvia
·         Criminal Procedure Law 2005, as amended in 2013

·         Law on Meetings, Street Processions and Pickets 1997, as amended in 2003

·         Law on Police 1991, as amended in 2005

Liechtestein
·         Ordinance on the Authorisation of Public Events 1950
Lithuania
·         Constitution (Art. 12)

·         Criminal Code 2000

·         Law on Meetings 1993

·         Law on Police 1990

·         Law on Police Activities 2000

Luxembourg
·         Constitution (Art. 18)

·         Military Penal Procedural Code 1982

·         Penal Code 1879, as of 2015

Malta
·         Constitution (Art. 32)

·         Criminal Code 1854, as amended in 2010

·         Police Act 1961, as amended in 2015

·         Public Meetings Ordinace 1931, as amended in 1993

Monaco
·         Constitution (Art. 20)
Montenegro
·         Criminal Code 2003

·         Public Assembly Act 2005

Netherlands
·         Constitution (Art. 11)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1921

·         Law of The National Ombudsman 1981

·         Law on Police 2012

·         Law on Training and Equipment for Police 2012

·         Official Statement for the Police, Royal Military Police and other Law Enforcement 1994

·         Public Assemblies Act Netherlands 1988

Norway
·         Constitution (Art. 93)

·         Criminal Procedure Act 1981, as amended in 2006

·         General Civil Penal Code 1902, as amended in 2005

·         Police Act 1995

·         Prison Act 1958

Poland
·         Constitution (Art. 38)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1997

·         Law on Assemblies 1990

·         Penal Code 1997

·         Constitution 2009

·        Act on Anti-Terrorist Activities 2016

·        Law Amending Laws on Assemblies 2012

 

 

 

Portugal
·         Constitution (Art. 24)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2004

·         Decree-Law No. 457/99: Use of Firearms and Police Action

·         Decree-Law n.º 265/79: Enforcement of Measures involving Deprivation of Liberty

·         Terrorism Act 2003

Republic of Moldova
·         Code of Administrative Offences 1985

·         Constitution (Art. 24)

·         Criminal Code 2002

·         Law on Organisation and Conduct of Assemblies 1995

Romania
·         Constitution (Art. 22)

·         Criminal Code 2004

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1968, as amended in 2003

·         Laws on Public Order, National Defence and Security (combined)

Russian Federation
·         Code of Administrative Offences 2005

·         Constitution (Art. 20)

·         Criminal Code 1996

·         Criminal Procedural Code 2001

·         Federal Law on Assemblies, Meetings, Demonstrations, Marches and Picketing 2004

·         Federal Law on the Federal Security Service 1995

·         Federal Law on Introducing Amendments to the Code of Administrative Offences 2014

·         Federal Law on Operational Search Activities 1998

San Marino
·         Declaration on Citizens Rights and Fundamental Freedoms 2002
Serbia
·         Constitution (Art. 24)

·         Criminal Code 2005

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2011

·         Law on Amendments and Additions to Criminal Procedure Code 2009

·         Law on Police 2005

·         Public Assembly Act 1992

Slovakia
·         Act on Civil Service and on Amendments to Certain Acts 2001

·         Constitution (Art. 15)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2005

Slovenia
·         Act on Public Assembly 2005

·         Constitution

·         Criminal Code 2008

·         Police Act 1998

Spain
·         Code of Ethics of the Police

·         Constitution (Art. 15)

·         Criminal Code 1995

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1882. as of 2011

·         Law of Forces and Security Corps 1986

·         Organic Regulation of Governmental Police 1975

·         Organic Law regulating Right of Assembly 1983

·         Public Safety Act 1992

Sweden
·         Code of Judicial Procedure 1942, as of 1998

·         Constitution (Arts. 4, 5)

·         Enforcement Code 1981, as amended in 2001

·         Penal Code 1962, as amended in 1999

·         Police Act 1984, as amended in 1999 (with commentary)

Switzerland
·         Constitution (Art. 10)

·         Criminal Code 1937, as of 2013

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2007

Tajikistan
·         Constitution (Art. 18)

·         Criminal Executive Code 2001

·         Law on Combating Terrorism

Turkey
·         Criminal Code 2004

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2005

·         Law on Fight Against Terrorism 1991, as amended in 2010

Turkmenistan
·         Constitution (Art. 3)
Ukraine
·         Constitution (Art. 3)

·         Criminal Code 2001

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1961

United Kingdom
·         Anti-Terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001

·         Constitution (Art. 2)

·         Criminal Justice Act 2003

·         Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015

·         Criminal Law Act 1967

·         Detention Centre Rules 2001

·         Human Rights Act 1998

·         Immigration and Asylum Act 1999

·         Police (Conduct) Regulations England and Wales 2012

·         Police Act 1996

·         Police Reform Act 2002

·         Police Service of Scotland (Senior Officers) (Conduct) Regulations Scotland 2013

·         Prison Rules 1999

·         Prisons and Young Offenders Institutions Rules Scotland 2011

·         Royal Ulster Constabulary (Conduct) Regulations Northern Ireland 2000

·         Serious Crime Act 2007

Uzbekistan
·         Constitution (Art. 13)

·         Criminal Code 1994

·         Criminal Procedure Law 1994

·         Law on the Security Service 1992

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DISCLAIMER
The documents listed are not supposed to present an exhaustive collection of all domestic legislation covering the topic of policing and human rights. It cannot be guaranteed that they represent the most current and up-to-date information. Furthermore, they are not presented as good practices nor their inclusion on this website should be understood as a judgment of (or an appreciation for) State compliance with international human rights standards. These documents are collected for the sole purpose of facilitating research for any individual or organisation working on policing issues.