Asia-Pacific

Afghanistan
·         Constitution (Art. 23)

·         Interim Criminal Code Afghanistan 2004

·         Law on Gatherings, Strikes and Demonstrations 2003

·         Law on Social Organisations Afghanistan 2002

·         Penal Code Afghanistan 1976

·         Police Law 2005

Australia
·         Australian Crimes Act No. 12/1914, as amended in 2013

·         Australian Federal Police Act 1979, as amended in 2012

·         Australian Public Order (Protection of Persons and Property) Act No. 26/1971, as amended in 2011

·         Australian Public Order Act No. 26/1971, as amended in 2011

·         New South Wales Crimes Act 1900, as amended in 2013

·         New South Wales Ombudsman Act No. 68/1974, as amended in 2014

·         New South Wales Police Act No. 47/1990, as amended in 2014

·         New South Wales Victims Rights and Support Act No. 37/2013

·         New South Wales Victims Rights Act No. 114/1996

·         Northern Territory Criminal Code Act 2013

·         Northern Territory Terrorism Act 2009

·         Queensland Criminal Code Act 1899, as amended in 2013

·         Queensland Police Powers and Responsibilities Act 2000, as amended in 2013

·         South Australia Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935

·         Tasmania Criminal Code Act No. 69/1924, as amended in 2007

·         Victoria Crimes Act No. 6231/1958, as amended in 2014

·         Victoria Police Act 2013

·         Victoria Unlawful Assemblies and Processions Act 1958

·         Western Australia Criminal Code Compilation Act 1913, as amended in 2013

Bahrain
·         Constitution 2002

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2002

·         Penal Code 1976

Bangladesh
·         Constitution (Art. 32)

·         Penal Code 1860

·         Police Act 1861

Bhutan
·         Civil and Criminal Procedure Code 2001

·         Constitution (Art. 7)

·         Penal Code (Amendment Act) 2011

·         Penal Code 2011

·         Police Act 2009

Brunei Darussalam
·         Penal Code 1951, as amended in 1999

·         Public Order Act 1983, as amended in 1998

Cambodia
·         Constitution

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2007

·         Penal Code 2009

China
·         Criminal Law Code 1997

·         Law on Processions and Demonstrations 1989

Cyprus
·         Code of Police Ethics 2001

·         Constitution (Art. 7)

Fiji
·         Constitution (Art. 8)
India
·         Consitution (Art. 21)

·         Criminal Law (Amendment) Act No. 13/2013

·         Criminal Procedures Code 1973, selected provisions

·         Kerala Police Act No. 8/2011

·         Penal Code 1860

·         The Armed Forces Special Powers Act 1958

Indonesia
·         Constitution (Art. 28A)

·         Law No. 2 concerning the State Police 2002

·         Penal Code 1999

Japan
·         Constitution (Art. 13)

·         Penal Code 1907

Kiribati
·         Criminal Procedure Code 1977

·         Penal Code 1977

·         Police Powers and Duties Act 2008

Lao People’s Republic
·         Law on Criminal Procedure 2004

·         Penal Law 1990, as amended in 2005

Malaysia
·         Constitution (Art. 5)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1935, with all amendments up to 2006

·         Penal Code 1936, with all amendments up to 2006

·         Police Act 1967, with all amendements up to 2006

·         Public Order Preservation Act 1958, with all amendments up to 2006

Maldives
·         Bill on the Armed Forces 2006

·         Constitution (Art. 21)

·         Penal Code 1961

·         Police Bill 2006

Micronesia
·         Constitution (Sections 3, 9)
Mongolia
·         Constitution (Art. 16)

·         Criminal Code 2002

Myanmar
·         Constitution (Art. 353)

·         Criminal Procedure Code

·         Penal Code 1860

Nauru
·         Constitution (Art. 4)

·         Correctional Service Act No. 8/2009

·         Criminal Code 2011

·         Criminal Procedure Act 1972

·         Police Force Act 1972

Nepal
·         Armed Police Force Act 2001

·         Civil Rights Act 1955

·         Constitution (Art. 16)

·         Police Act 1955

·         Prisons Act 1963

New Zealand
·         Bill of Rights Act No.109/1990

·         Constitution (Art. 8)

·         Corrections Act No. 50/2004

·         Crimes Act No.43/1961

·         Criminal Procedure Act No. 81/2011

·         Policing Act No. 72/2008

·         Terrorism Suppression Act No. 34/2002

Pakistan
·         Anti-Terrorism Act 1997

·         Constitution (Art. 9)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1898

·         Penal Code 1860

·         Police Act 1861

·         Police Order 2002, as amended in 2006

·         The Balochistan Police Act 2011

·         The Sindh (Repeal of the Police Order 2002 and Revival of the Police Act 1861) Act 2011

·         The West Pakistan Maintenance of Public Order Ordinance 1960

Palau
·          Constitution (Section 6)
Papua New Guinea
·         Criminal Code Act 1974

·         Organic Law on the Relief of Members of Disciplined Forces from the Responsibility for the Consequences of Carrying out a Lawful Order 1998

·         Police Act 1998

·         Police Force (Presence Abroad) Act 2004

Philippines
·         Anti-Torture Act 2009

·         Constitution (Section 5)

·         Penal Code 1930

·         Revised Criminal Procedure 2000

·         The Public Assembly Act 1985

Republic of Korea
·         Penal Code 1953, as amended in 1998
Samoa
·         Constitution (Art. 5)

·         Criminal Procedure Act 1972

·         District Courts Act 1969

·         Police Service Act 2009

Singapore
·         Armed Forces Act 1975, revised edition 2001

·         Civil Defence Act 1986. revised edition 1990

·         Constitution (Art. 9)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2010

·         Penal Code 1871, revised edition 2008

·         Police Force Act 2004, revised edition 2006

·         Prisons Act Regulations 2011

Solomon Islands
·         Constitution (Art. 4)

·         Counter Terrorism Act 2009

·         Penal Code 1963

·         Preservation of Public Security Act 1967

·         Prisons Act 1973, edition 1996

·         Procession and Public Assemblies Act 1956, edition 1996

Sri Lanka
·         Criminal Procedure Code (Special Provisions) 2007

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1979

·         Penal Code 1885, as amended in 1980

·         Prisons Act 1878, as amended in 1980

Taiwan
·         Act Governing the Use of Police Weapons 2002

·         Assembly and Parade Act 2002

·         Civil Associations Act 2011

·         Code of Criminal Procedure 2007

·         Constitution 1947

·         Criminal Code 2014

·         Habeas Corpus Act 2014

·         Police Act 2002

·         Police Duty Act 2008

·         Police Power Exercise Act 2011

·         Social Order Maintenance Act 2011

·         State Compensation Law 1980

·         The Communication Security and Surveillance Act 2014

Thailand
·         Constitution (Section 32)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1995

Timor-Leste
·         Constitution (Section 29)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2005

·         Organic Law on National Police 2004

·         Penal Code 2009

Tonga
·         Constitution (Art. 14)

·         Criminal Offences Act 1926, revised edition 1988

·         Police Act 2010

·         Public Order (Preservation) Act 1970, revised edition 1988

Tuvalu
·         Constitution (Art. 16)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 1963

·         Penal Code 1969

·         Police Ordinance 1973

·         Prisons Ordinance 1985

·         Public Order Ordinance 1973&1974

Vanuatu
·         Constitution (Art. 5)

·         Criminal Procedures Act 1981, consolidated edition 2006

·         Law on Counter-Terrorism and Transnational Organised Crime 2006

·         Penal Code 1981, consolidated edition 2006

·         Police Act 1980, consolidated edition 2006

Vietnam
·         Constitution (Art. 19)

·         Criminal Procedure Code 2003

·         Penal Code 1999

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DISCLAIMER
The documents listed are not supposed to present an exhaustive collection of all domestic legislation covering the topic of policing and human rights. It cannot be guaranteed that they represent the most current and up-to-date information. Furthermore, they are not presented as good practices nor their inclusion on this website should be understood as a judgment of (or an appreciation for) State compliance with international human rights standards. These documents are collected for the sole purpose of facilitating research for any individual or organisation working on policing issues.